Extended surgical resection for stage III thymic tumors

Giovanni Leuzzi, Ugo Pastorino


Stage III thymic tumors (TTs) is a heterogeneous entity characterized by a variety of neoplasms with macroscopic invasion of different intrathoracic structures as well as a different prognosis according to specific WHO histologic subtypes. This high variability in clinicopathologic behavior has long represented a determent for most clinicians in evaluating the optimal therapeutic strategy in such tumors. In this article, we give an overview on the multimodality therapies and analyzed the role of extended surgical procedures in more advanced cases.